St. Augustine is warm season,
perennial grass that is a widely used. A native grass of tropical origin that extends from
water marshes (salty & fresh), lagoon fringes, and sandy beach ridges.
Saint Augustine lawns are a popular wide bladed (coarse) lawn planted
throughout many areas of the Southeastern USA. This grass is found in Mexico, Australia, and in tropical parts of Africa. It is a warm season grass that does not handle cold weather very
well. The majority of this grass is planted vegetatively (PLUGS, SOD) as seeds are not usually available commercially each season due to production difficulties.
Characteristics: Coarse, wide bladed, dense dark green
PLUGS, SOD OR SPRIGS
IS CURRENTLY THE PREFERRED WAY TO PLANT ST AUGUSTINE GRASS.
St. Augustine Grass SEED is
currently available From Seedland.
Attempts to produce viable St. Augustine seeds have
been sporadic at best. It is not known when seeds will be
widely available commercially as the seeds are very difficult to
produce. Occasionally you may find St. Augustine Seed for sell at some of the chain stores in limited quantities. - Read
Saint Augustine grass grows
from the Carolinas to the Texas Gulf coast and from mid California down. This is one of
the oldest coastal grasses and in its different varieties and strains it has been found
from the Carolinas to Australia and New Zealand. Several coastal areas of Africa and all
through the tropics St. Augustine can be found growing. Man has managed to move it inland
for ground cover and pasturage. And as long as moisture and soil requirements are met it
makes for beautiful lawns. It is a thick bladed grass and with good maintenance can
produce a thick, beautiful dark green lawn and requires full sun to moderate shade.
Adaptation: Areas of moist, semi-fertile soils, high
temperatures, coastal and bordering areas, sun and minimal shade.
Augustine - VARIETIES
||Varieties: Bitterblue, Floratam, Palmetto, Sapphire, Floralawn, Raleigh, Common,
Jade, Floratine, and Seville with Seville known as the finest textured of the
Augustine - Establishment
Establishment: Sodding, sprigging (PLUGS or SPRIGS) and seeding (seeds are in great demand and generally are NOT widely available) on a prepared ground and with the
addition of fertilizer and watering as needed in your area.
SAINT AUGUSTINE PLUGS
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This grass is usually sodded or plugged, occasional limited availability on
St. Augustine originated from the gulf coastal
areas, Caribbean Islands and parts of Africa. And has spread nearly every where along
especially coastal areas. In the US being a native of the Gulf States it was originally
used in pasturage and lawns along the coast. As man moved inward through the states the
grass was able to spread as more and more land was cleared for livestock. The areas at
that time held more humidity and the land was wetter with the swamps, creeks, rivers,
lakes and ponds that dotted the landscape. The damper richer soils were able to grow ST.
AUG. more easily. Now due to irrigation and land treatments it is in much more demand as a
lawn coverage than pasture grass.
St. Augustine grass has been grown only from
vegetative propagation (sod, plugs) means until recently. Several companies are currently working
on various seeded varieties, though to date the seed production is not consistent. Propagation is usually accomplished through sod or plugs. This grass is
rarely sprigged for home lawn establishment, but this method is used on nursery farms to
grow sod and can be used for home lawns.
St. Augustine grows quite well with a starter fertilizer added
into the soil at the time of planting and fertilization monthly until fully established.
Plenty of water on well draining soils with seasonal rains or watering systems for full
establishment. Once it is fully developed in areas of consistent rainfall it grows rather
well on its own, but further inland and in drought conditions it will have to be watered
and fertilized to maintain a lush stand.
Lawns: Choices | States
| Diseases | Fertilizers | Irrigation | Mowing
| Pests | Weeds
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